VCP7-CMA – Objective 3.2

Disclaimer: These are my notes from taking the 2V0-731 exam. If something doesn’t make sense, please feel free to reach out.

The goal of this objective is to understand how to deploy vRA.

Objective 3.2 – Install an Enterprise Deployment

  • Identify IaaS minimal deployment prerequisites
  • Validate environment readiness for a given design based on install type and size
  • Deploy and configure vRealize Automation Appliance OVF
  • Install using the installation wizard
    • Determine and select appropriate deployment based on size
    • Determine and select the appropriate servers for component installation
    • Prepare the environment for installation based on deployment size
    • Install IaaS Web components and model manager data
    • Install IaaS Manager server and DEM Orchestrator components
    • Install DEM Workers
    • Install Management Agents
  • Implement and manage CA signed certificates

References

An Enterprise deployment involves distributed components and load balancing to give both scalability and availability.

With a load balanced deployment, having multiple web server instances & vRA appliances active during installation can cause the deployment to fail.

For distributed site clusters latency of less than 5ms is required, with a minimum bandwidth of 1Gb/s.

The appliance database is automatically clustered. For the IaaS database, a dedicated SQL server is recommended. To configure for HA, AlwaysOn is not supported due to it’s dependancy on MSDTC, Windows failover clustering is supported. AlwaysOn with SQL Server 2016 is supported in vRA 7.2.x but the exam is based upon 7.0.x.

For maximum performance, configure the proxy agents in the same data centre as the endpoint. Locate the DEMs close to the Model Manager.

External vRO is recommended for multiple tenants if you need to ensure total isolation.

Each IaaS server requires a management agent to be installed. If the primary vRA appliance fails, these will all need to be reinstalled.

In principle a minimal deployment is only for development/testing/PoC, whereas the enterprise deployment is a full production ready environment.

Need to ensure familiarity with the various deployment sizes in the reference architecture.

Details around each components availability etc is below.

 

Component Availability Notes
vRA Appliance
  • DB automatically clustered (Manual promotion to master)
  • Active/active when configured behind load balancer
Model Manager
  • Active/Passive – configure two behind load balancer & stop the Windows service on one
IaaS Web
  • Active/Active – Configure behind load balancer
DEM Orchestrator
  • Configure as active/active, but the secondary monitors the primary for failure and responds accordingly
DEM Worker
  • Active/active. If a DEM-O detects failure it will reschedule workflows on another worker
Proxy Agent
  • Install both agents with the same name for high availability
vRO
  • If internal vRO is used, covered by vRA load balancer.
  • If external is used, need to configure behind load balancer
MS SQL
  • Windows failover clustering

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